A. M. Birk PhD. P. Eng Professor

Publications

1) Refereed Journal Publications

  • 42) Birk, A.M., Davison, C., Cunningham, M., Blast Overpressures from Medium Scale BLEVE Tests, accepted to the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, March 1, 2007.
  • 41) Mayboudi, L.S., Birk, A.M., Zak, G., and Bates, P.J. (2006) Laser Transmission Welding Of A Lap-Joint: Thermal Imaging Observations and 3-D Finite Element Modelling, accepted ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, January 2007.
  • 40) Mayboudi, L.S., Birk, A.M., Zak, G., Bates, P.J., A 3-D Thermal Model for Spot Laser Transmission Welding of Thermoplastics, accepted to the International Institute for Welding Journal, September 2006.
  • 39) Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., On the Transition from non-BLEVE to BLEVE Failure for a 1.8 m3 Propane Tank, ASME PVT Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 3, November 2006, pp. 648-655.
  • 38) Birk, A.M., Poirier, D., Davison, C., On the Thermal Rupture of 1.9 m3 Propane Pressure Vessels with Defects in their Thermal Protection System, Journal of Loss Prevention for the Process Industries, v19, pp. 582-597, 2006.
  • 37) Mayboudi, L.S., Birk, A.M., Zak, G., and Bates, P.J. (2006) A 2-D Thermal Finite Element Model of Laser Transmission Welding for T-joint, Journal of Laser Applications, Vol. 18, 467, August 2006.
  • 36) Birk, A.M., Poirier, D., Davison, C., On the Response of a 500 Gallon Propane Tank Exposed to a 25% Engulfing Fire, Journal of Loss Prevention for the Process Industries, v19, pp. 527-541, 2006.
  • 35) Birk, A.M., Yoon, K.T., High Temperature Stress-Rupture Data for the Analysis of Dangerous Goods Tank-Cars Exposed to Fire, Journal of Loss Prevention for the Process Industries, v19, pp. 442-451, 2006.
  • 34) Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., The Effect of Pressure Relief Valve Blowdown and Fire Conditions on the Thermo-Hydraulics within a Pressure Vessel, ASME PVT Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 3, August 2006, pp. 467-475.
  • 33) Birk, A.M., The Affect of Reduced Design Margin on the Fire Survivability of ASME Code 500 Gal Propane Tanks, ASME PVT Journal, Vol. 127, Number 1, February 2005, pp. 55-60.
  • 32) VanderSteen, J.D.J., Birk, A.M., Fire Tests on Defective Tank-Car Thermal Protection Systems, Journal of Loss Prevention for the Process Industries, v16 (2003), pp. 417- 425.
  • 31) Birk, A.M., A Study of the Fire Survivability of Steel and Aluminum 33.5 lb Propane Cylinders, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol. 10, No. 3(2000-2001) pp. 215-235, July 2003.
  • 30) Birk, A.M., A Study of the Fire Survivability of Steel and Aluminum 33.5 lb Propane Cylinders, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol 10, No. 3(2000-2001) pp 215-235, July 2003.
  • 29) Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., The Survivability of Steel and Aluminum 33.5 Pound Propane Cylinders in Fire, AIChE Process Safety Progress, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp 129-135, June 2003.
  • 28) Birk, A.M., Cunningham, M.H., VanderSteen, J.D.J., Davison, C.R., Mirzazadeh, I., Fire Test to Study the Effect of Pressure Relief Valve Behavior on the Survivability of Propane Tanks in Fires, AIChE Process Safety Progress, Sept 2002, Vol 21, No 3, pp 227-236.
  • 27) Pierorazio, A.J., Birk, A.M., "Effects of Pressure Relief Valve Behavior on 2-Phase Energy Storage in a Pressure Vessel Exposed to Fire", Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, v 123 n 3, ASME Nov 2001.
  • 26) Pierorazio, A. , Birk, A. M., "Comparative Performance of Transport Vessel PRVs under Steam and Air Testing", Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, v 123, ASME, 2001.
  • 25) A. M. Birk, Analytical Study of a Propane Tank Located Near a Burning Building, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol 9, No. 2 (1999-2000) pp 173-199, Oct 2001.
  • 24) A. M. Birk, M. H. Cunningham, Thermographic Inspection of Rail-Car Thermal Insulation, ASME PVP Journal Vol 122, Nov 2000.
  • 23) Pierorazio, A.J.; Birk, A.M., "Air Tests of Commercially Available Transport Vessel PRVs", Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, v 122 n 2, pp. 204-209,ASME, New York, May 2000.
  • 22) Pierorazio, A., Birk, A. M., Dynamic Behavior of Transportation Pressure Relief Valves Under Simulated Fire Impingement Conditions, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology vol. 122, no. 1, Feb 2000, pp.60-65.
  • 21) Kielec, D., Birk, A.M., Analysis of Tank Deformation from Fire Induced Ruptures and BLEVEs of 400 L Propane Tanks, ASME Journal of Pressure Technology, Vol 119, August 1997, pp 365-373.
  • 20) Miller, T., Birk, A.M., A Re-examination of Propane Tank Tub Rockets Including Field Trial Results, ASME Journal of Pressure Technology, Vol 119, August 1997, pp 356-364.
  • 19) Birk A.M., Hazards from BLEVEs: An Update and Proposal for Emergency Responders, Journal of Loss Prevention for the Process Industry, Vol 9, No. 2, pp. 173-181, 1996.
  • 18) Birk A. M., Cunningham, M., Liquid Temperature Stratification and its Effect on BLEVEs and their Hazards, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 48 (1996) pp 219-237.
  • 17) Birk, A. M., Scale Effects with Fire Exposure of Pressure Liquefied Gas Tanks, Journal of Loss Prevention Vol 8, No. 5, pp 275-290, 1995.
  • 16) Cunningham, M., Birk, A.M., Petherick, P., McGeachy, J.D., Investigation of the Use of Adhesives and Magnets for Affixing Cold Tapping Equipment to Off-Load Distressed Dangerous Goods Tank-Cars, Journal of Hazardous Materials Vol 40, No. 1, pp 15-30, Jan 1995.
  • 15) Birk, A. M., Cunningham, M., The Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion, International Journal of Loss Prevention, Vol 7, No. 6, pp 474-480, 1994.
  • 14) Ye, Z., Birk, A. M., Fluid Pressures in Partially Liquid Filled Horizonal Cylindrical Tanks Undergoing Impact Accelerations, ASME Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Nov 1994, Vol 116, pp 449-458.
  • 13) Birk, A.M., VanDam, D.,Infra Red Signature Suppression for Marine Gas Turbines: Comparison of Sea Trial and Model Test Results for the DRES Ball IRSS System, ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol 116, No. 1, pp 75-81, Jan 1994.
  • 12) Leslie, I., Birk, A. M., State of the Art Review of Pressure Liquefied Gas Container Failure Modes and Associated Projectile Hazards, International Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol 28, Nov 1991, pp 329-365.
  • 11) Petherick, P., Birk, A.M., State of the Art Review of Pressure Relief Valve Design, Testing and Modelling, ASME Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol 113, Feb 1991, pp 46-54.
  • 10) Birk, A. M., Modelling the Effects of Temperature Sensitive Pressure Relief Devices on Tankers Exposed to Engulfing Fires, Journal of Applied Fire Science, Vol 1(1) 1990-91, pp 23-37.
  • 9) Birk, A.M., Thermal Protection of Pressure Vessels By Internal Wall Cooling During Pressure Relief, ASME Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol 112, Nov 1990, pp 427-431.
  • 8) Birk, A. M., Coppens, A., Anderson R. J., DERACS a Derailment Accident Simulation Package: Technical Basis, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol 25-No. 1+2, Oct 1990, pp 121-147.
  • 7) Birk, A. M., Coppens, A., Anderson R. J., DERACS a Derailment Accident Simulation Package: Sample Simulation, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol 25-No 1+2, Oct 1990, pp 149-165.
  • 6) Birk, A.M., Theoretical Investigation of Internal Wall Cooling of a Pressure Vessel Engulfed by Fire, ASME Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Aug 1990, Vol 112, pp 273 - 278.
  • 5) Birk, A. M., Internal Wall Cooling in Pressure Vessels Exposed to External Fire Impingement, International Journal Chemical Engineering Communications, Vol 80, 1989, pp 153-171.
  • 4) Birk, A. M., An Experimental Investigation of a Cylindrical Vessel Engulfed in Fire with a Burning Relief Valve Flare Present, International Journal Chemical Engineering Communications, Vol 80, 1989, pp 173-191.
  • 3) Birk, A. M., Davis, W. R., Suppressing the Infra-Red Signatures of Marine Gas Turbines, ASME Transactions, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol 111 (1989), 123-129.
  • 2) Birk, A. M., Modelling the Effects of a Torch Type Fire Impingement on a Rail or Highway Tanker, Fire Safety Journal 15, (1989), pp 277-296.
  • 1) Birk, A. M., Modelling the Response of a Rail Tank-Car Exposed to External Fire Impingement, International Journal of Hazardous Materials, 20 (1988), 197-225.


2) Fully Refereed Conference Publications:

  • McBean, S., Birk, A.M., Computational and Experimental Investigation of Air-Air Ejectors with Triangular Tabbed Driving Nozzles, Submitted to 2007 ASME Turbo Expo, Montreal Canada.
  • McBean, S., Birk, A.M., Optimizing the Performance of Air-Air Ejectors with Tabbed Driving Nozzles, Submitted to 2007 ASME Turbo Expo, Montreal Canada.
  • Maqsood, A., Birk, A.M., Effect of a Bend on the Performance of an Oblong Ejector, Submitted to 2007 ASME Turbo Expo, Montreal Canada.
  • Chen, Qi, Birk, A.M., Experimental and CFD Study of Exhaust Ejectors with Round/Oblong Entraining Diffusers, Submitted to 2007 ASME Turbo Expo, Montreal Canada.
  • Davison, C., Birk, A.M., Comparison of Transient Modelling Techniques for a Micro Turbine Engine, the ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • Davison, C., Birk, A.M., Automated Fault Diagnosis of a Micro Turbine with Comparison to Neural Network Techniques , ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • Davison, C., Birk, A.M., Prediction of Time Until Failure for Micro Turbine with Unspecified Faults, ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • Bottenheim, S., Birk, A.M., Poirier, D., The effect of An Entraining Diffuser on the Performance of Circular-to-Slot Exhaust Ducts with a 90 degree Bend, ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • McBean, S., Birk, A.M., The Performance of Air-Air Ejectors with Triangular Tabbed Driving Nozzles, ASME Turbo Expo, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • Feldcamp, G., Birk, A.M., Strut Losses in a Diverging Annular Passage with Swirling Flow, Barcelona Spain, May 2006.
  • A.Maqsood , A. M. Birk, Effect of a Bend on the Performance of Ejectors, 2005 ASME Turbo Expo, Reno Nevada, June 2005.
  • Qi Chen, A. M. Birk , Experimental and CFD Study of Exhaust Ejectors with Round/Oblong Entraining Diffusers, 2005 ASME Turbo Expo, Reno Nevada, June 2005.
  • J. Mateer, A.M.Birk, Experimental Study of an Air-Air Ejector an S-Bend Diffusing Primary Duct, 2005 ASME Turbo Expo, Reno Nevada, June 2005.
  • Birk, A.M., The Effect of Reduced Design Margin on the Fire Survivability of ASME Code Propane Tanks, ASME PVP Conference, San Diego, July 25-29, 2004.
  • Birk, A.M., Modelling of Thermal Protection System Defects on Dangerous Goods Tank-Cars , 11th International Symposium Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries, 31 May - 3 June 2004 Prague, Czech Republic.
  • J. Mateer, A.M. Birk, D. Poirier, Experimental and Computational Evaluation of an Ejector System utilizing a primary S-Bend Transition Nozzle, ASME IGTI Turbo Expo 2004, Vienna Austria, June 14-17 2004.
  • S. Bottenheim, A.M. Birk and D.J. Poirier, Performance of Circular-to-Slot Exhaust Ducts with a 90 Degree Bend, ASME IGTI Turbo Expo 2004, Vienna Austria, June 14-17 2004.
  • C.R. Davison, A.M. Birk, Steady State and Transient Modeling of a Micro Turbine with Comparison to Operating Engine, ASME IGTI Turbo Expo 2004, Vienna Austria, June 14-17 2004.
  • C.R. Davison, A.M. Birk, Setup of and Operational Experience with a Micro Turbine Engine for Research and Education, ASME IGTI Turbo Expo 2004, Vienna Austria, June 14-17 2004.
  • Birk, A.M., Pierorazio, A., An Overview of Pressure Relief Valve Research for Transport Canada, Int. Symp. On Protection of Dangerous Goods Tanks and Cylinders in Fire, Ottawa, Canada, 2002.
  • Birk, A.M., J. VanderSteen, J., Observations on the Performance of Pressure Relief Valves During Fire Testing of Propane Tanks Int. Symp. On Protection of Dangerous Goods Tanks and Cylinders in Fire, Ottawa, Canada, 2002.
  • Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J., The Effects of PRV Blowdown on the Thermo-Hydraulics in a Fire Impinged Propane Tank Int. Symp. On Protection of Dangerous Goods Tanks and Cylinders in Fire, Ottawa, Canada, 2002.
  • Birk, A.M., Cunningham, M., On the Inspection and Assessment of Defects in Tank-Car Thermal Protection Systems Int. Symp. On Protection of Dangerous Goods Tanks and Cylinders in Fire, Ottawa, Canada, 2002.
  • Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., On the Transition from non-BLEVE to BLEVE Failure for a 1.8 m3 Propane Tank, 2002 ASME PVP Conference, Vancouver Aug 2002.
  • Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., The Effect of Pressure Relief Valve Blowdown and Fire Conditions on the Thermo-Hydraulics within a Pressure Vessel, 2002 ASME PVP Conference, Vancouver Aug 2002.
  • Davison, C.R., and Birk, A.M. Automated Fault Diagnosis for Small Gas Turbine Engines, ASME Turbo Expo 2002, Amsterdam, 2002.
  • Cunningham, M.H., Birk, A.M., Di Bartolomeo, W. "Importance of Inlet conditions in evaluating performance of non-symmetric gas turbine exhaust ducts", ASME Turbo Expo 2002, June 3-6, 2002, Amsterdam.
  • Davison, C.R., and Birk, A.M., June 2001, "Development of fault diagnosis and failure prediction techniques for small gas turbine engines". ASME Turbo Expo 2001 Technical Congress.
  • Birk, A. M., Observations from Medium Scale BLEVE Experiments, 3rd International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards, Lake Windermere UK, April 10-14, 2000.
  • M. Cunningham, A.M. Birk, J.E.D. Gauthier, W. Di Bartolomeo, Effect of Swirl on the Performance of Reversing Gas Turbine Exhaust Ducts, ASME IGTI 2000, Munich Germany, May 2000.
  • A.J. Stronach, A.M. Birk, Experimental and Computational Investigation of Performance Losses in a Circular to Rectangular Diffusing Gas Turbine Transition Duct with Offset, ASME IGTI 2000, Munich Germany, May 2000.
  • Craig R.Davison, A.M. Birk, Steady State Performance Simulation of Auxiliary Power Unit With Faults For Component Diagnosis, ASME IGTI 2000, Munich Germany, May 2000.
  • Scott K. McGhee, A.M. Birk, Evaluation of Thermal Imaging Techniques With a Focal Plane Array Infrared Camera , ASME IGTI 2000, Munich Germany, May 2000.
  • Pierorazio, A. , Birk, A. M., "Comparative Performance of Transport Vessel PRVs under Steam and Air Testing", ASME PVP 99, Boston
  • Pierorazio, A. , Birk, A. M.,"Effects of Pressure Relief Valve Behaviour on 2-Phase Energy Storage in a Pressure Vessel Exposed to Fire" ,ASME PVP 99, Boston 1999.
  • Pierorazio, A. , Birk, A. M.,"Transient Inter-phase Heat Transfer in a Pressure Vessel due to the Operation of Pressure Relief Devices" ASME National Heat Transfer Conference, New Mexico 1999.
  • A. M. Birk, M. H. Cunningham, Thermographic Inspection of Rail-Car Thermal Insulation, ASME PVP July 98.
  • A.J. Pierorazio, A.M. Birk, Air Tests of Commercially Available Transport Vessel PRVs, ASME PVP July 98.
  • A.J. Pierorazio, A.M. Birk, Dynamic Behaviour of Transportation Pressure Relief
    Valves Under Simulated Fire Impingement Conditions, ASME PVP July 1998.
  • Gauthier, J.E.D., Birk, A. M., Optimization of an Ejector Using Computational Fluid Dynamics, ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM97-3416, June 1997.
  • Kielec, D., Birk, A.M., Analysis of Tank Deformation from Fire Induced Ruptures and BLEVEs of 400 L Propane Tanks, ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, Montreal, 1996, PVP-Vol 333..
  • Miller, T., Birk, A.M., A Re-examination of Propane Tank Tub Rockets Including Fielf Trial Results, ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, Montreal, 1996, PVP-Vol 333.
  • Ye, Z., Birk, A.M., Transient Vertical Jet Fires from Thermally Ruptured Propane Tanks, ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, Montreal, 1996, PVP-Vol 333.
  • Maillette, J., Birk, A.M., A Review of the Effects of Thermal Radiation on Humans, ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, Montreal, 1996, PVP-Vol 333.
  • Maillette, J., Birk, A.M., The Effects of Conditions at Time of Failure on Fireball Growth and Geometry from BLEVEs, ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference, Montreal, 1996, PVP-Vol 333.
  • Maillette, J., Birk, A.M., The Effects of Tank Failure Mode and Lading Properties on Propane Fireball Geometry and Fire Hazard, Int. Conference and Workshop on Modelling and Mitigating the Consequences of Accidental Releases of Hazardous Meterials, CCPS AIChE, New Orleans, US, Sept 1995.
  • Vaitekunis D.A., Alexan, K., Birk A.M., Naval Threat Countermeasures Simulator, SPIE Conference, San Diego, US. July 1994.
  • Birk. A. M. , Ye, Z., Maillette, J., Cunningham, M., Hot and Cold BLEVEs: Observation and Discussion of Two Different Kinds of BLEVEs, AiChE Heat Transfer Conference, AiChE Symposium Series Volume 89, Atlanta, 1993.
  • Vaitekunis D.A., Birk A.M., Morin, J., SHIPIR: A Naval Ship Infrared Simulator, 1st NATO IRIS Joint Symposium, Gaithersburg, MD., July 1992.
  • Birk, A. M., VanDam, D., Infrared Signature Suppression for Marine Gas Turbines: Comparison of Sea Trial and Model Test Results for the DRES Ball IRSS System, ASME IGTI 1992, Cologne Germany, June 1992.
  • VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., 1/4 Scale Hot Flow Model Test of a GE LM2500 Exhaust System, ASME IGTI 1992, Cologne Germany, June 1992.
  • Ye, Z., Birk, A. M., Peak Pressures on the Ends of Partially Liquid Filled Cylindrical Vessels Undergoing Sudden Impacts, Transient Hydraulics and Coupled Vessel and Piping System Responses - 1991, PVP Vol. 219, 1991 PVP Conference, San Diego, California, June 1991.
  • Ye, Z., Birk, A. M., Location of Peak Pressures in Partially Liquid Filled Horizontal Cylindrical Vessels Undergoing Impact Acceleration, Transient Hydraulics and Coupled Vessel and Piping System Responses - 1991, PVP Vol. 219, 1991 PVP Conference, San Diego, California, June 1991.
  • Ye, Z., Birk, A. M., "Pressure Response in Partially Liquid Filled Horizontal Cylindrical Vessels Undergoing Impact Acceleration", Transient Hydraulics and Coupled Vessel and Piping System Responses 1991, PVP Vol. 219, 1991 PVP Conference, San Diego, California, June 1991.
  • Munro. G, VanDam, D., Birk, A.M., "The Design of Infra Red Signature Suppression Hardware for the Refit of Canada's DDH 280 Destroyers", submitted to the Canadian Maritime Industries Association, Ottawa, Canada, Feb 1990.
  • Birk, A.M., "Thermal Protection of Pressure Vessels By Internal Wall Cooling During Pressure Relief", Transient Thermal-Hydraulics in Vessel and Piping Systems, ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Vol. 156, pp 107-114, 1989 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Honolulu Hawaii, July 1989.
  • Birk, A.M., "Theoretical Investigation of Internal Wall Colling of a Pressure Vessel Engulfed by Fire", Transient Thermal-Hydraulics in Vessel and Piping Systems, ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Vol. 156, pp 115-122, 1989 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Honolulu Hawaii, July, 1989.
  • Birk, A.M., Chidley, D, "Slosh Pressures in Cylindrical Tanks Undergoing Impact Induced Accelerations", 89-FE-16, 1989 ASME Fluids Engineering Conference La Jolla, California, July 9-12, 1989.
  • Birk, A.M., VanDam, D., "Marine as Turbine Infra-Red Signature Suppression: Aerothermal Design Considerations", 89-GT-240, 1989 ASME IGTI Turbo Expo, June 4-8, 1989, Toronto.
  • Oosthuizen, P. H., Birk, A. M., "Mixed Convective Heat Transfer from Inclined Circular Cylinders", 1st World Congress on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, September 1988.
  • Birk, A. M., "Internal Wall Cooling in Pressure Vessels Exposed to External Fire Impingement", 1988 National Heat Transfer Conference (ASME), Houston, July 1988.
  • Birk, A. M., "An Experimental Investigation of a Cylindrical Vessel Engulfed in Fire with a Burning Relief Valve Flare Present", 1988 National Heat Transfer Conference (ASME), Houston, July 1988.
  • Birk, A. M., Davis, W. R., "Suppressing the Infra-Red Signatures of Marine Gas Turbines", 88-GT-3, 1988 International Turbo Expo (International Gas Turbine Institute, ASME), Amsterdam, June 1988.
  • Birk, A. M. , Dibble, D. W., "Computer Model of a Rail Tank-Car Carrying Hazardous Pressurized Liquids Exposed to External Fire Impingement", 1986 Hazardous Materials Spills Conference, St. Louis Missouri, May 1986.
  • Birk, A. M., Oosthuizen, P. H., "A Thermodynamic Model of a Rail Tank-Car Engulfed in Fire", 1983 ASME Heat Transfer Conference, Seattle Washington, July 1983.
  • Birk, A. M., Oosthuizen, P. H., "Model for the Prediction of Radiant Heat Transfer to a Horizontal Cylinder Engulfed in Flames", 1982 ASME Winter Annual Conference, Phoenix Arizona, November 1982.

Papers for Conference Precedings

Birk, A.M., Cunningham, M.H., VanderSteen, J.D.J., Davison, C.R., Mirzazadeh, I., Fire Test to Study the Effect of Pressure Relief Valve Behavior on the Survivability of Porpane Tanks in Fires, AIChE Loss Prevention Symposium, New Orleans March 2002.
Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J., The Survivability of Steel and Aluminum 33.5 lb Propane Cylinders in Fire, AIChE Loss Prevention Symposium, New Orleans March 2002.
Cunningham, M., Birk, A.M., Di Bartolomeo, W., Effect of Swirl on Flow Distortions and Losses in Gas Turbine Exhausts, CASI, Toronto 2001.
Stronach, A., Birk, A.M., Experimental Evaluation of Circular to Oblong Gas Turbine Transition Ducts with Offset, CASI, Toronto, 2001.
Birk, A.M., "The BLEVE: An Update and Reexamination of Response Strategies", Society of Fire Protection Engineers, PPR 95, Toronto, Nov 1995.
Birk, A.M., Cunningham,M., Ye, Z., Maillette, J., "The Effects of Conditions at the Time of a BLEVE on Propane Fireball Geometry and Fire Hazard", submitted to Dangerous GoodsTank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Ye, "Jet Releases from Thermally Ruptured Propane Tanks", submitted to Dangerous Goods - Tank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Cunningham,M.,"Fire Effects on Liquified Gas Transport and Storage Vessles", submitted to Dangerous Goods - Tank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Hiscoke, B., "Small Scale Investigation of the BLEVE Event", submitted to Dangerous Goods - Tank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Cunningham,M., Petherick, P., McGeachy, J.D., T"apping Distressed Dangerous Goods Tank Cars using Adhesives and Magnets", submitted to Dangerous Goods - Tank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Chidley, D., "Testing Pressure Relief Valves Under Realistic Dynamic Operational Conditions, Facility Description and Test Results", submitted to Dangerous Goods - Tank Safety Seminar, Transport Canada, Feb 1994.
Birk, A.M., Cunningham,M., Ye, Z., Maillette, J., "Medium Scale Fire Tests Investigating the BLEVE Event", Proc. of the 10th Technical Seminar on Chemical Spills, St. John NB, Sept 1993.
Birk, A.M., Cunningham,M., Petherick, P., McGeachy , J., "Investigation of the Use of Adhesives and Magnets for Affixing Cold Tapping Equipment to Off-Load Distresses Dangerous Goods Tank-Cars", Proc. of the 10th Technical Seminar on Chemical Spills, St. John NB, Sept 1993.
Birk, A. M., Davis, W. R., "Suppressing the Infra-Red Signatures of Marine Gas Turbines", presented at the 30th DRG Seminar on Defence of Small Ships Against Missile Attack, External Affairs, Ottawa, Sept 1990 (paper from ASME 88-GT-3).
Jeswiet, J., Birk, A. M., Harrison, S., "Design of an Experiment", 7th Canadian Conference on Engineering Education, American Society for Engineering Education, Toronto, June 1990.
Birk, A. M., Chidley, D., "Fluid Pressures In Tanks Undergoing Impact Induced Accelerations", EAM 90, May 1990, Queen's University.
Birk, A. M., "Modelling the Effects of Internal Wall Cooling on Tankers Exposed to External Fire Impingement", 1988 Engineering Application of Mechanics, London, Ontario, May 1988.
Birk, A. M., "Modelling the Response of a Rail Tank-Car Exposed to External Fire Impingement", International Symposium on Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases, University of New Brunswick, August 1987.
Birk, A. M., "Modelling the Effects of a Torch Type Fire Impingement on a Rail or Highway Tanker", International Symposium on Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases, University of New Brunswick, August 1987.
Birk, A. M., "Modelling the Effects of Temperature Sensitive Pressure Relief Devices on Tankers Exposed to Engulfing Fires", International Symposium on Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases, University of New Brunswick, August 1987.
Birk, A. M., Westran, T. H., "The DRES Ball and Ejector Diffuser Devices for Suppressing the Infra Red Signature of Ground Vehicle Engine Exhaust Systems", 9th Symposium on Ground Vehicle Signatures, KRC Michigan Technological University, Houghton MI, August 1987.
Birk, A. M., Westran, T. H., "Engine Exhaust Infra Red Signature Suppression for Land Sea and Air", COMDEF 87, Crystal City, Virginia, Oct 87.
Birk, A. M., Oosthuizen, P. H. , "An Evaluation of Thermal Protection Systems for Rail Tank-Cars", 7th Symposium on Engineering Applications of Mechanics, June 1984.
Birk, A. M., Davis, W. R., "Tank-Car Thermal Computer Model", Spring Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute, Canadian Section, May 1984.
Birk, A. M., Oosthuizen, P. H., "A Computer Thermodynamic Model of a Rail Tank-Car", Canadian Transportation Research Forum (CTRF), Regina, June 1983.


4) Other Papers and Presentations

"A Computer Simulation of a Derailment Accident: Part I Model Basis, and Part II Sample Simulation", presented to a select group of Management and Technical personnel from Transport Canada and Environment Canada, October 4, 1988.
"IR Signature Suppression", presented to TTCP (the technical cooperation program) sub group Q at the Workshop on the Protection of Ships Against Anti Ship Missiles, Defense Research Establishment Valcartier, September 1988.

5) Theses

Development and Validation of a Mathematical Model of a Rail Tank-Car Engulfed in Fire, Ph.D. Thesis, Queen's University, June 1983.
Combined Convective Heat Transfer from Inclined Cylinders in a Horizontal Air Stream, M.Sc. Thesis, Queen's University, 1981.

6) Abstracts

Birk, A. M., Cunningham, M., "The Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion", CANCAM 1995, Victoria BC, May 1995.
Birk, A. M., Chidley, D., "A Dynamic PRV Test Facility: Facility Description and Preliminary Results", CANCAM 1995, Victoria BC, May 1995.
Birk, A. M., Babe, W. G., "A Thermodynamic and Hydrodynamic Model of a Vessel Exposed to a High Heat Flux and Containing a Pressure Liquified Gas, Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases", Queen's University, May 1990.
Birk, A. M., Coppens, A., Anderson R. J., "DERACS a Derailment Accident Simulation Package: Technical Basis, Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases", Queen's University, May 1990.
Birk, A. M., Coppens, A., Anderson R. J., "DERACS a Derailment Accident Simulation Package: Sample Simulation, Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases", Queen's University, May 1990.
Leslie, I., Birk, A. M., "Liquified Gas Release Mechanisms: A Literature Review on the Consequences of Liquified Gas Releases, Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases", Queen's University, May 1990.
Petherick, P., Birk, A.M., Dibble, D.W., Bouchard, J., "State of the Art Review of Pressure Relief Valve Design, Testing and Modelling, Major Hazards in the Transport and Storage of Pressure Liquified Gases, Queen's University", May 1990.
Birk, A. M.,Oosthuizen, P. H., "A Thermodynamic Model of a Rail Tank-Car", Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics (CANCAM), Saskatoon, May 1983.
Birk, A. M.,Oosthuizen, P. H., "An Experimental Study of Combined Convective Heat Transfer from Inclined Cylinders", Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics (CANCAM), Saskatoon, May 1983.

7) Engineering Reports

Birk, A.M., Davison, C., Poirier, D., Detailed Design of a Full Scale Engulfing Fire Test Program of 112J340W Thermally Proected Rail Tank Cars, Transport Canada Report TP 14631E, November 2006.
Birk, A.M., BLEVE Hazard Analysis Report for the JIT Terminals Propane Storage and Transfer Facility, Chattanooga, Tn. for River City Resort, Inc. Chattanooga, TN., June 2006.
Davison, C., Birk, A.M., Characterization of Fire Conditions Used in Preliminary Fire Testing of Composite Propane Cylinders, for Battelle Memorial Institute, February 2006.
Birk, A.M., Fire Effects on ASME Code 500 Gallon Propane Tanks, Task 2 FEPT 1.0 Code with Preliminary Study of Fuse Plugs and High Temperature Relaxation of PRV, September 2005, for Battelle Memorial Institute.
Birk, A.M., Analysis of the Release of Anhydrous Ammonia Following the Derailment at Minot ND in January 2002, for Jenner and Block, Chicago, Illinois, July 2005.
Birk, A.M., Estimates of Blowdown and Drain Times for a Vent and Burn Procedure Applied to a 39000 litre Propane Transport Tank, for Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate, Transport Canada, May 2005.
Birk, A.M., Fire Effects on ASME Code 500 Gallon Propane Tanks, Task 1 Effects of Reduced Design Margin on Fire Survivability of ASME Code Propane Tanks, February 2005, for Battelle Memorial Institute.
Birk, A.M., Thermal Protection Defect Assessment: Summary Report, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14367E, March 2005.
Birk, A.M., Thermal Model Upgrade for the Analysis of Defective Thermal Proection Systems, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14368E, January 2005.
Birk, A.M., Poirier, D., Davison, C., Wakelam, C., Tank-Car Thermal Protection Defect Assessment: Fire Tests of 500 Gallon Tanks with Thermal Protection Defetcs, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14366E, March 2005.
Birk, A.M., Thermal Model Upgrade for the Analysis of Defective Thermal Protection Systems, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14368E, January 2005.
Birk, A.M., Peterson Residential Fire Loss, Cannon Beach, Oregon, Dec 18, 2000, for Michael and Alexander PLLC, Seattle, Washington, April 2004.
Yoon, K.T., Birk, A.M., Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis of Local Heating of Propane Tanks, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14357E, December 2004.
Yoon, K.T., Birk, A.M., High Temperature Stress Rupture Tests of Sample Tank-Car Steels, Transportation Development Centre, Transport Canada Report, TP 14356E, December 2004.
Birk, A.M., VanderSteen, J.D.J, Burner Tests on Defective Thermal Protection Systems, Transport Canada Report, TP 14066E, March 2003.
Birk, A.M., J. D. J. VanderSteen, C. R. Davison, M. H. Cunningham, I. Mirzazadeh PRV Field Trials ? The Effects of Fire Conditions and PRV Blowdown on Propane Tank Survivability in a Fire, Transport Canada Report TP 14045E, Jan 2003.
Birk, A.M., Report on the 200 lb. LPG Cylinder Failure at #8 Dunecrest Lane, Wild Dunes, Isle of Palms, SC, for Cozen & O?Connor, November 2001.
Birk, A. M., Review of AFFTAC Thermal Model, Transportation Development Centre, TP 13539E, Jan 2000.
Birk, A.M., Thermal Analysis of a 33.5 lb Forklift Propane Cylinder, for Williams, Montgomery and John, Chicago, Nov 2000.
Birk, A. M., Cunningham, M. H., Tank-Car Insulation Defect Assessment Criteria:Thermal Analysis of Defects TP13518E, Oct 1999
A. M. Birk, Thermographic Inspection of Tank-Car Insulation:Field Test Manual TP13517E, Oct 1999
Pierorazio, A.J., Birk, A.M., Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance -- Phase II: Two Phase Energy Storage Study - Preliminary Results, Transport Canada Report TP 13377E, Feb 1999.
Pierorazio, A.J., Birk, A.M., Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance -- Phase II: Full Scale Transport Vessel PRV Tests, Transport Canada Report TP 13376E, Jan 1999.
Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance Phase II, Small Vessel PRV Tests, A. Pierorazio, A. M. Birk, Transport Canada Report TP 13259E, April 1998.
Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance Phase II, Air Test Results, A. Pierorazio, A. M. Birk, Tranport Canada Report TP 12978E, Dec 1997.
Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance Phase II, Steam Based Tests - Preliminary Results, A. Pierorazio, A. M. Birk, Tranport Canada Report TP 13088E, Dec 1997.
Birk, A. M., Cunningham, Field Detection of Tank Car Insulation Deficiencies Phase III : Laboratory Testing, for Transportation Development Centre, Jan 1997.
Thermographic Inspection of Tank-Car Thermal Insulation: Field Test Manual, for Transportation Development Centre, Feb 1997.
Birk, A. M., Cunningham, M.H., et al, Fire Tests of Propane Tanks to Study BLEVEs and other Thermal Ruptures: Detailed Analysis of Medium Scale Test Results, Transport Canada Report, TP12498E, 278 pages, Nov 1997.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Research and Development of an Infrared Supression System for the Bell 212/412 Helicopters: Phase III Report for Full Optical Block IRSS Device", DSS W8477-93-EAC-56, DASP 3-4, Oct. 1994.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Research and Development of an Infrared Supression System for the Bell 212/412 Helicopters: Phase II Report for Cooled Metal IRSS Device", DSS W8477-93-EAC.-56, DASP 3-4, May 1994.
Birk, A. M., Cunningham, M.H., "A Medium Scale Experimental Study of the Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion", TDC Report TP11995E, March 1994.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Research and Development of an Infrared Supression System for the Bell 212/412 Helicopters: Phase I Report for Air Management System Improvements", DSS W8477-93-EAC-56, DASP 3-4, Jan. 1994
"Summary Report on Medium Scale Fire Tests Investigating the BLEVE Event", Transport Canada Report TP____, Dec 1993.
Cunningham, M., Birk, A.M., Petherick, P., McGeachy J.M., "Feasibility Study into the Use of High Strength Adhesives and Magnets for Affixing Tapping Devices for Off-Loading Distressed Tank-Cars", Transport Canada Report TP___,
"Heat Transfer Analysis of a Chilled Roller Sheet Cooling System", for Chadwick Engineering Ltd., Oct. 1993.
"Pool Fire Characteristics of the FST -160 Fire Suppression Simulator", for FRONTEC Logistics Inc., July 1992.
"Cove Point LNG Terminal: Fire Consequence Analysis", for Shell LNG Company, Houston, Jan 1992.
"Estimation of Hazard Distances for Buried Pipelines Ruptured by Air Pressure", A. M. Birk, prepared for the Consumers Gas Company, Toronto, Ontario, August 1991.
"Development of a Derailment Accident Computer Model", A. Coppens, D. Wong, A. Bibby, A. M. Birk, R. J. Anderson, Transport Canada Report TP 9254E, 200 pages, June 1988.
"Tank-car Internal Shell Explosion Suppression System: Preliminary Thermal Feasibility Study", Wilkinson, R.G., Birk, A.M., Transport Canada Report, TP8781E, 126 pages, November 1987.
Birk, A.M., "Heat Transfer Analysis and Experiments for Coil Interpass Cooling", prepared for Alcan Rolled Products Company Limited, Kingston, Ontario, September 1987.
"Fire Test to Study the Significance of a Burning Relief Valve Flare from a Tank Engulfed in Fire", A. M. Birk, Transport Canada Report TP 6694E, March 1985.
"Validation of the Tank-Car Thermal Analysis Program, A. M. Birk, Transport Canada Report TP 6693E", March 1985.
"Containment of Air Cushion with Water Curtain: Small Scale Experimental Investigation, A.M. Birk, P.C. Chatterjee, Transport Canada Report TP 5203E", March, 1984.
"Rail Wear Economic Analysis for the Truck Design Optimization Project (TDOP)", E.R. McIlveen, C. Shwier, R. Glaser, A.M. Birk, R.W. Lake, CIGGT report number 82-3.
"The Road Maintenance Cost Model (RMCM)", E.R. McIlveen, A.M.Birk, M.D. Roney, R.W. Lake, G.P. Raymond, CIGGT report number 8-16.
"User's Manual for the Road Maintenance Cost Model", A.M. Birk, M.D. Roney, E.R. McIlveen, CIGGT report number 80-3.
"Roadway Cost Benefits Attending the Operation of High Performance 100 Ton Cars", M.D. Roney, R.E. Ahlf, A.M. Birk, R.W.Lake, CIGGT report number 79-16.


8) Limited Circulation Engineering Reports

Birk, A. M., "Pipe Bomb Effects on Propane Tanks: Basic Review of Test Results," prepared for RCMP Candian Bomb Data Centre, Ottawa, Ont. Nov 1993.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Helicopter Infrared Signature Suppression System: Phase II Set Design Requirements (CDRL 006)", for the Director Avionics, Simulators and Photography (DASP) Department of National Defense. DSS 4QD.W8477-0-AC70, Jan 1992.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Helicopter Infrared Signature Suppression System: Phase I Technology Review (CDRL 005)", for the Director Avionics, Simulators and Photography (DASP) Department of National Defense. DSS 4QD.W8477-0-AC70, Oct 1991.
VanDam, D, Birk, A. M., Hill, L, "Model Test of the Combustion Air and Enclosure Cooling Air Intake System for the LM2500 Propulsion Turbine, for Ingalls Shipbuilding", Passcagoula Mississippi, May 1991.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Exhaust Model Test of a 1/4 Scale LM2500 Exhaust Collector", prepared for General Electric, Cinncinati, Ohio, March 1991.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "Infrared Signature Suppression Analysis on Field Force Generator Sets", DSVEM 3-2, Feb 1991.
VanDam, D., Birk, A. M., "IRSS Options for the Type 23 Frigate Program, for Yarrows Shipbuilders Limited", Jan 1991.
VanDam, D, Birk, A. M., "CPF IR Suppression: Sea Trials Test Report for the DRES ball Infrared Signature Suppression Device", for St John Shipbuilding, Oct. 1990.
VanDam, D, Birk, A. M., "Aerothermal Design of Eductor/Diffuser IRSS Devices for the LM2500 Propulsion Turbines for MEKO 200 Frigates", for Blohm and Voss, FRG, Sept 1990.
VanDam, D, Birk, A. M., "Exhaust Model Test of the DRES Ball IRSS Devices for the LM2500 Propulsion Turbine", for Ingalls Shipbuilding, Passcagoula Mississippi, August 1990.
Romaniuk, W. S., Kirkhope, K.J.,Birk, A. M., "Phase I Report: Development of a Ship IR Signature Computer Model for Signature Analysis and Evaluation", DREV 1331, April, 1990.
VanDam, D, Birk, A. M., "Model Test of the DRES Ball IRSS Devices for the LM2500 Propulsion Turbines and MTU Propulsion Diesels", for Ingalls Shipbuilding, Passcagoula Mississippi, March 1990.
A. M. Birk, W. S. Romaniuk, "Armoured Vehicle Signature Management Project: Phase I Report (IR and MW Wave Threats to Armoured Fighting Vehicles)", 66 pages, DSS W8477-8-CB20, Feb. 1989.
W. S. Romaniuk, A. M. Birk, D. B. Ballantyne,"Armoured Vehicle Signature Management Project: Phase II Report (IR and MW Wave Measurement and Modelling)", 58 pages, DSS W8477-8-CB20, June 1989.
A. M. Birk, W. S. Romaniuk, D. B. Ballantyne, G. B. Long, "Armoured Vehicle Signature Management Project: Phase III Report (Leopard I Signature Reduction Concepts)", DSS W8477-8-CB20, Sept. 1989.
"Development of an Exhaust PLume IR Emission Computer Model", W. S. Romaniuk, A. M. Birk, Davis Engineering Report C85-82, prepared for Department of National Defence, 41ST.3205167, March 1988, classified CONFIDENTIAL.
Turyk, P.J.,Birk, A.M., Lamb, D.J.E., Smyth, K.B., Kritch, C., Corrish, L., Smithe, P., "CFLH Engine Infra-Red Suppression Techniques Study: Final Report". Prepared for the Department of National Defense, classified CONFIDENTIAL, DSS contract 2BBB6-01746, March 1987.
"SAAR'5 IR Supression: Redesign of MTU Propulsion Diesel IR Suppression Device", P.J. Turyk, A.M.Birk, Davis Engineering Report 86-202, Jan. 1987.
"CFLH Engine Exhaust IR Suppression Techniques Study: DID T-002 IR Suppression System Preliminary Aerothermal Design", P.J.Turyk, A.M.Birk, Davis Engineering Report 85-166.2, Dec. 1986. for Department of National Defence, 2BB86-01746, classified CONFIDENTIAL.
"CPF IR Suppression: DRES Ball IR Suppressor Aerothermal Model Test Report", A.M.Birk, T.R.Dunn, P.J.Turyk, D.vanDam, Davis Engineering Limited report 85-158.5, Dec 1986, for Saint John Shipbuilding Limited, 10175, classified CONFIDENTIAL.
"TRUMP IR Suppression: Optimization Study for the Allison 570 KF Device", P.J.Turyk, A.M.Birk, Davis Engineering Report 86-71.8, Oct 1986, for Pratt and Whitney Canada Limited, 1005288, classified CONFIDENTIAL.
"CFLH Engine Exhaust IR Suppression Techniques Study: DID T-001 IR Suppression System Feasibility", P.J.Turyk, A.M.Birk, Davis Engineering Report 85-166.1, Oct. 1986. for Department of National Defence, 2BB86-01746, classified CONFIDENTIAL.
"SA'AR 5 IR Suppression: Aerothermal Specification", Davis Engineering Report C85-107, prepared for John J. McMullen and Associates Ltd. of Arlington Virginia, February 1986.
"SA'AR 5 IR Suppression: Structural Specification", Davis Engineering Report C85-107, prepared for John J. McMullen and Associates Ltd. of Arlington Virginia, February 1986.
"TRUMP IR Suppression: Final Test Report Addendum", Davis Engineering Report C85-133, prepared for Pratt and Whitney of Canada Ltd., classified CONFIDENTIAL, December 1985.
"TRUMP IR Suppression: Aerothermal Design and Model Test Final Report", Davis Engineering Report C85-133, prepared for Pratt and Whitney of Canada Ltd., classified CONFIDENTIAL, December 1985.
"TRUMP IR Suppression: Preliminary Test Report" Davis Engineering Report C85-133, prepared for Pratt and Whitney of Canada Ltd., classified CONFIDENTIAL, October 1985.
"TRUMP IR Suppression: Preliminary Aerothermal Design and Model Test Design Report", Davis Engineering Report C85-133, prepared for Pratt and Whitney of Canada Ltd., classified CONFIDENTIAL, September 1985.
"SA'AR 5 IR Suppression Options", Davis Engineering Report C85-107, prepared for John J. McMullen and Associates Ltd. of Arlington Virginia, August 1985.
"NATO Frigate Replacement for the 1990's: IR Suppression Options", Davis Engineering Report C85-71, prepared for the International Schiffs Studien GmbH, Hamburg West Germany, July 1985.
"User Documentation for the Tank-Car Thermal Analysis Program (TNKCAR)", A.M. Birk, Davis Engineering Report C83-29, March 1985.
"DRES IR Suppression Systems for the DDH-280 FT-4 and Cruise Engines: Weight Saving Design Alternatives", Davis Engineering Report C84-08, prepared for the Department of National Defense Canada, DSS 2 ML-8400214, classified CONFIDENTIAL, September 1984.
"DRES Ball IR Suppression System for the Canadian Patrol Frigate: Detailed Aerothermodynamic Design and Structural Analysis", Davis Engineering Report C84-12, prepared for St. John Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company Limited, classified CONFIDENTIAL, August 1984.
"Design of a Film Cooled Funnel System for DDH-280 Class Ships: Model Testing and Structural Analysis", Davis Engineering Report C82-69, prepared for the Department of National efense Canada, DSS 13 SV.320-11115-1, classified CONFIDENTIAL, March 1984.
"Parametric Analysis for the Design of a Film Cooled Device for the Canadian Patrol Frigate", A.M. Birk, Davis Engineering Report C83-128.3, prepared for St. John Marine Consultants Limited, classified CONFIDENTIAL, 1983.
"Calculations of Plume Characteristics for Partial Engine Power States for the CPF", A.M. Birk, D.A.J. Millar, Davis Engineering Report C83-128.2, prepared for St. John Marine Consultants Limited, classified CONFIDENTIAL, 1983.

9) Patents

"Fuel Tank Explosion Suppression System", Canadian Patent 1230537, dated December 22, 1987 to A. M. Birk.