Amy Wu

Assistant Professor

Amy Wu headshot

Mitchell Professor in Bio-inspired Robotics

McLaughlin Hall, Room 324

Kingston, ON K7L3N6


Phone: 613 533 6000 x 32760

Research Interests

  • Human biomechanics: control of balance and locomotion
  • Mechatronics
  • Legged robotics
  • Wearable robotics
  • Human-robot interaction

The Biomechanics x Robotics Laboratory (BxRL) is at the intersection of human biomechanics and robotics with the aim of building better assistive technologies. We are interested in utilizing a first-principles approach to understand the mechanics and energetics of human movement and to apply those principles to robots. Likewise, we will leverage robots to reveal the mechanisms behind human behavior. We are also passionate about using maker-style manufacturing techniques to build impactful, openly available robotic devices for both research and education. We are a member of Ingenuity Labs Research Institute.

Current Students

  • Aaron Best (PhD)
  • Pegah Nomanfar (PhD)
  • Thomas Huckell (MSc)
  • Paul Riek (MSc)
  • Harriet Chorney (Undergraduate, USRA, MECH 461)
  • Zachary Toupin (Undergraduate, MECH 461)
  • Timothy Byles-Ho (Undergraduate, MECH 461)
  • Sydney Garrah (Undergraduate, USRA)
  • Ray Smyth (Undergraduate, USRA)
  • McKinley Van Klei (Undergraduate, Summer)
  • Nathalie Vilchis (Mitacs Globalink Research Internship)

Former Students

  • Julian Alexander-Cook
  • Matthew Green (Undergraduate, Thesis)
  • Phoebe Tan Hui Ping (Undergraduate, SWEP)
  • Lucas Melanson (Undergraduate, SWEP)
  • Charley McCann (Undergraduate, Summer)
  • Madeleine Liblong (Undergraduate, Summer)
  • Frances Campbell (Undergraduate, MECH 461)
  • Paul Riek (Undergraduate, MECH 461)
  • Ted Ecclestone (Undergraduate, Thesis)
  • Emily Bugeja (Undergraduate, Summer)


Winter 2020/2021: MECH 210 Electronic Circuits and Motors for Mechatronics

Select Publications

  • A. N. Best and A. R. Wu, “Upper body and ankle strategies compensate for reduced lateral stability at very slow walking speeds,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 287, no. 1936, p. 20201685, Oct. 2020, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.1685.
  • A. N. Best, J.-P. Martin, Q. Li, and A. R. Wu, "Stepping behaviour contributes little to balance control against continuous mediolateral trunk perturbations, " J Exp Biol vol. 222, no. 24, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1242/jeb.212787.
  • A. R. Wu, C. S. Simpson, E. H. F. van Asseldonk, H. van der Kooij, and A. J. Ijspeert, “Mechanics of very slow human walking,” Sci Rep, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–10, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-54271-2.
  • C. Rognon, V. Ramachandran, A. R. Wu, A. J. Ijspeert, and D. Floreano, "Haptic feedback perception and learning with cable-driven guidance in exosuit teleoperation of a simulated drone," IEEE Trans Haptics, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 375–385, Jul. 2019.
  • S. Faraji, A. R. Wu, and A. J. Ijspeert, "A simple model of mechanical effects to estimate metabolic cost of human walking," Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 10998, Jul. 2018.
  • A. R. Wu et al., "An Adaptive Neuromuscular Controller for Assistive Lower-Limb Exoskeletons: A Preliminary Study on Subjects with Spinal Cord Injury," Front Neurorobot, vol. 11, Jun. 2017.


Social Media

Follow BxRL on Twitter: @BxRL_IGL